ResearchPricingB2b SolutionsContact us
Pro analytical tools for smarter trading decisions
Bot Builder, Live Trading, Marketplace
Communication tool for the global financial community
Learn more about the company and team
Want to become a part of Darqube team?
Investor information
Your investing opportunities in Darqube

Step By Step Guide To Natural Language Processing (NLP) In Trading


Natural Language Processing or NLP is used extensively in trading. It is mainly used to gauge the sentiment of the market through Twitter feeds, Newspaper Articles, RSS feeds and Press releases. In this blog, we will cover the basic structure needed to solve the NLP problem from a trader’s perspective.

Trading and NLP

Anyone who has traded some sort of a financial instrument knows that the markets constantly factor in all the news that is pouring in through various sources.

The cause and effect relationship between impactful news and market movements can be directly observed when one tries to trade the market during the release of big news such as the non-farm payrolls data.

News and NLP

Before social media became one of the main sources of information, traders used to depend on the Radio or TV announcements for the latest information.

But since Twitter became a source of market-moving news (thanks to political leaders), traders are finding it difficult to manually track all the information originating from different twitter handles. To circumvent this problem, traders can use NLP packages to read multiple news sources in a short amount of time and make a quick decision.

If you are a trader then you should definitely learn how to use NLP in trading, to outperform other traders. Now I am going to list out in a step by step manner how you can approach the problem of using NLP in trading and discuss each of them in detail.

Steps for using NLP in trading

Following are the steps that one needs to follow for using NLP for Trading.

  • Get the data
  • Preprocess the data
  • Convert the text to a sentiment score
  • Generate a trading model
  • Backtest the model

Get the data

To build an NLP model for trading, you need to have a reliable source of data. There are multiple vendors for this purpose.
For example, Twitter and Webhose provide it for free, while others such as News API, Reuters and Bloomberg will charge you for it. Let us divide the data into two types and try to approach each of them differently.


Structured data is one that is published in a predetermined or consistent format. The language is also very consistent.

For example, the press release of fed minutes or a company’s earnings can be considered as structured data. Here the length of the text is usually very huge.

On the contrary, unstructured data is one where neither the language or format is consistent. For example, twitter feed, blogs and articles can be counted as a part of this. These texts are usually limited in size.

Preprocess the data


There are different problems associated with these two data sets. Unstructured data like Twitter feeds consists of many non-textual data, such as hashtags and mentions. These need to be removed before measuring the text’s sentiment.

For structured data, the size of the text can easily cloud its essence. To solve this, you need to break the text down to individual sentences or apply techniques such as tf-idf to estimate the importance of words.

Convert the text to a sentiment score


To convert the text data to a numerical score is a challenging task. For unstructured text, you can use pre-existing packages such as VADER to estimate the sentiment of the news. If the text is a blog or an article then you can try breaking it down for VADER to make sense of it.

For Structured text, you don't have any pre-existing libraries that can help you convert the text to a positive or a negative score. So, you will have to create a library of your own.

When building such a library of relevant structured data, care should be taken to consider texts from similar sources and the corresponding market reactions to this text data.

For example, if the Fed releases a statement saying that “the inflation expectations are firmly anchored” and changes it to “the inflation expectations are stable”, then libraries like VADER won't be able to tell the difference apart, but the market will react significantly.

To understand score the sentiment of such text you need to develop a word-to vector model or a decision tree model using the tf-idf array.

Generate a trading model

Once you have the sentiment scores of the text, then combine this with some kind of technical indicators to filter the noise and generate the buy and sell signals.

To generate these signals, you can either do it manually from your experience or use a decision tree type model.

Backtest the model

Once the model is ready, you need to backtest it on the past data to check whether your model’s performance is within the risk limitations. While backtesting, make sure that you don't use the same data that is used to train the decision tree model.

If the model confirms to your risk management criterion then you can deploy the model in live trading.

Subscribe for product news, feature updates, researches, and technical posts about trading and finance.

By newsletter
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
In social Networks

Ready to get started?

It’s free and works across many devices
Start using Darqube